Go Back to English GRAMMAR LESSONS
English Grammar: The Word 'EVEN'
The word, 'even' has a variety of common usages in the English language. It can be used as an adjective, verb, or an adverb.
As an adjective, 'even' means:
· -level, flat, smooth.
For example: The workmen re-paved the road so now it is even and smooth.
· -on the same level or plane
For example: Please lower the painting so that it is even with the photograph on the wall.
· -regular in motion or action and without fluctuations
For example: To be a good golfer, you must practice swinging the club in an even motion.
· -equal in measure or quantity
For example: Mother gave each child an even amount of cookies.
Compile a list of items that can be 'even'. Use 'even' as an adjective in sentences.
As a verb, 'even' means to make even or to make something even (as in the adjective meaning of 'even').
For example: He evened out the slices of pizza so that every person had the same amount.
I am evening out the dirt and soil in my garden.
Compile a list of items that can be 'evened'. What are some things that you need to 'even'?
As an adverb, 'even' is used to express emphasis. As an adverb, 'even' :
· -can be used as an expressive comparative, meaning yet, or still
For example: This pasta sauce tastes delicious but that sauce tastes even better!
· -can mean 'fully' or 'quite'.
For example: Roman soldiers were very loyal even until death.
· -can be used to emphasize something that is unexpected.
He is sleepy when he works. He is sleepy when he eats. He is even sleepy when he plays!
Use the word 'even' as an adverb in sentences to express comparisons, describe events that are unexpected, or qualities that are 'full'.
'Even' can also be used in adverbial phrases.
'Even if' as an adverbial phrase can make the clause it is modifying stronger in expression or emotional as if the clause is the ultimate measure. It describes an extreme case or an unlikely situation.
Even if he calls me, I still won't speak to him.
I wouldn't date him even if he were a millionaire.
'Even as' is used to emphasize an occurrence, or an occurrence that happens at the same time as another event.
Even as he lay dying, they argued over his estate.
The building exploded even as they all watched.
'Even though' is a phrase that means 'despite' or 'in spite of'. It means that, while something
Even though he called yesterday, I refused to speak to him.
We still had the picnic even though it rained.
Even though they failed the test, the school accepted him anyway.
Use 'even' in adverbial phrases with, 'if', 'as', and 'though'.