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The Simple Present (Continued)
2. The Simple Present is used to describe (near) future events that are scheduled on a (public) timetable.
The train leaves tonight at 6 PM.
The bus does not arrive at 11 AM, it arrives at 11 PM.
When do we board the plane?
The party starts at 8 o'clock.
When does class begin tomorrow?
The class starts late tomorrow.
Describes some scheduled events for this week at your work, home, volunteer work, social circles, etc.
3. The Simple Present is used to describe an action that is habitual or repeated on a regular basis. Even thought the time varies, the action may follow a pattern and is often described as happening 'always', 'sometimes', 'usually', etc.
Do you smoke?
Yes, I sometimes smoke.
I always play tennis at that club.
She always forgets her purse when she drinks beer.
He never forgets his wallet.
When does the train usually leave?
The universe is.
The train does not leave at 9 AM on the weekends. It leaves at 9 AM on the weekdays.
The express train leaves every morning at 8 AM.
Every twelve months, the Earth circles the Sun.
Describe what you typically do on the weekend, on your birthday, during a holiday, etc. Ask a partner what s/he and/or her his spouse, family member (s), and/or friend(s) usually does on the weekend, on your birthday, during a holiday, etc.
4. The Simple Present is used to describe (what the speaker believes to be) "facts". This is similar to the first usage of the simple present which is for habitual events, however, this usage deals with more general nouns. It is not important if the speaker is correct about their statement being a "fact". It is only important that the speaker believes s/he is speaking a fact! It can also be used to generalize people, places, or things:
Birds do not like milk.
Cats like milk.
California is in America.
California is in the United Kingdom.
Windows are made of glass.
Rude people are selfish.
New York is a small city.
Cows eat corn.
Provide some facts about your family, country, friends, etc. Practice all forms of the verb.