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Juliana
05/12/2015 11:50pm

Hello, I would like to know another thing. What´s the better way of using the "s" as possessive and when can we omitted?

I´m so confused about it!!

Learner Name or Learner´s Name!!!!!

Thanks for your help!

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Gerry English Expressions
05/13/2015 2:26am

Hello and thank you for visiting!

Ok, first off, when using proper names, nouns with capitals, use " 's ". This indicates possession (or source).

For example,

Jim's car
The teacher's pencil

McDonald's
(actually, this name of a restaurant is a reduction of "McDonald's Restaurants" which is the full name. Richard and Maurice McDonald started, owned, and then sold the chain)


Juliana's question
(Juliana does not 'own' the question, but she is the 'source')

...her brother's girlfriend
(here, 'her brother' does not 'own' his girlfriend, but he has an exclusive relationship with her)

How is your studying?
('studying' is not really a 'thing' but an 'activity' - a gerund)


We do not use " 's" for pronouns because there are possessive pronouns:

her dress
his work
my blog
their friends

We also use " 's " for general nouns:
a women's store
a children's movie


Now, I think this is the real answer to your question:

...sometimes we do not use " 's " because the noun is not acting as a noun but as and ADJECTIVE. This is called an attributive noun.


For example,

Please close the car door.
(in this case, we do not say "the car's door", because there are many doors in the world, and this is a car door. There are house doors, front doors, back doors, etc. In this case, 'car' is used like an adjective).

sports car
company party


Sometimes, this can be very confusing. For example:

Tomorrow, we have the managers meeting at 9 am.
Tomorrow, we have the manager's meeting at 9 am.

These sentence are both correct, but have different meanings:

The first sentence indicates that the meeting is a gathering of many managers. So, 'managers' is used as an adjective.

The second sentence indicates that the meeting has been called by the manager, so the (one) manager is the 'creator' or 'source' of the meeting.



I hope this helps, Juliana. If you are still confused, please let me know and I can write more. :)

Gerry





Reply
Pedro
05/18/2015 3:26am

Hello Gerry,

I'm still get confused now and then when it comes to use an article "a" "the" or no use them at all.

Here is the one of the examples I'm referring to : "I've done a right thing vs. I've done the right thing" - which one is correct and why?

Thank you!

Pedro

Reply
Gerry English Expressions
05/19/2015 3:34pm

Hi Pedro!

It is "the right thing" because the usage of 'the', which is the definite article, indicates one specific thing compared to its OPPOSITE.

So here, the opposite of 'wrong' is 'right' and so they both describe different nouns. We distinguish the opposite nouns they describe by using 'the'.
We can also say, "The chair on the left." and "The chair on the right." "the day..." and "the night..." etc. This is (one of) the most common (opposite = 'the least common' :) usages of 'the'.

Basically, as an expression, "the right thing" is concerned with CHOOSING to abide by the law or by social norms/mores, etc. Breaking the law or NOT following social norms/mores (for ex., being polite and doing what people expect you to do in certain social situations), is "the wrong thing". This expression is often used when in a specific circumstance.

For example:

Just like any concerned, law-abiding citizen would do, she finally did the right thing and told the police everything she knew about the crime.

Come on! Do the right thing and tell him the truth!

He did the right thing and paid them back in full for all the nice things they had done for him.


I hope this helps!

g.

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